Curtain Types

If windows are the eyes of the room, then curtains are the eyelids which protect them. Curtains do everything from ensuring privacy in one’s home to dulling harsh light, creating ambiance and giving your home a majestic and vibrant effect. But before you begin looking at fabric samples and deciding on floor lengths, you should take some time to consider the different types of curtains, and what effect they have on the home.


Types of curtains

Curtains are classified into categories, with each having several styles. According to Interior Dezine, they are:

Decorative curtains

  • Jabots use a tapered portion of the fabric that is contrast-lined, which folds back when pleated. These should be able to cover half or 2/3 length of the window. Flags are doubled-sided Jabots used at the center of the swag.
  • Swags use fabric to form a decorative element over a window, hanging from either side of the top of the window and draping down through the centre. Tails, on the other hand, hangs down from the end of the swags.
  • Rosettes can create a focal point for curtain arrangement and is a finishing touch for curtain headings.
  • Scarf drapery is an uncut portion of the fabric that is draped to form an ornamental drapery, usually over a pole or rod.
  • Casement curtains occur when the top forms a pocket that the fabric is then weaved onto a pole or rod. This is usually fixed outside the window frame and works better for curtains that do not need to be opened and closed.

Tab top curtains

  • Curtains or panels with fabric loops (tabs) at the top edge/head. They are threaded through poles or rods.
  • They are a popular form of readymade curtains or panels, or curtains that are available to purchase complete from a store.
  • Cafe curtains only cover half the window and are stationary and are usually on rods or poles with rings. These can be tie-top for a more contemporary look.

Grommet top curtains

  • These are quite similar to tab top curtains with the exception of metal eyelets fixed onto the top of the curtain at regular intervals, which are then threaded through a pole.
  • These are the more commonly used curtains and are a cost-effective, contemporary option.

Specialty curtains

  • Speciality curtains are decorative features in the home that introduces a rich and lavish effect. They include:
  • Tiered curtains, which consists of a minimum of two curtains hung over the head of the window and then other tiers are hung from transoms (panes or casements).
  • Italian stringing curtains are fixed heading curtains that are joined at the centre and edges are drawn back like theatre curtains by cords.
  • Tie-back curtains are designed to be gathered at the side of the window and held by a decorative tie-back.
  • Dress curtains are decorative curtains that won’t be drawn.
  • Jardiniere curtains occur when the bottom is raised to the centre, providing a curved look that reveals part of the window through sheer fabrics.
  • Sash curtains make use of sheet fabric hung close to the window pane.

Once you have decided what type of curtain you are going to implement into your home, you can begin having fun with colours and textures, as well as taking measurements and creating beautiful, plush and luxurious drapery.

Sources: Holiday Home Times: Seema Sreenivasan, Interior Dezine

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